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Cancer Awareness

cancer Awareness

 


World Cancer Day

World Cancer Day (WCD) is marked on February 4 to raise awareness of cancer and to encourage its prevention, World Cancer Daydetection, and treatment started by Union for International Cancer Control in 2008. WCD is a chance to raise our collective voices in the name of improving our knowledge around cancer and dismissing misconceptions about the disease under the tagline “ Debunk the myths”

Cancer, a Latin word meaning crab is a group of diseases in which cells are aggressive, invasive and sometimes metastatic. Malignancies, tumours and neoplasm are synonyms. Worldwide, the most common types of cancer that kill men are (in order of frequency): Lung, Stomach, Liver, Colo-rectal and Oesophagus and that in Women are (in the order of frequency): Breast, Cervical, Lung, Stomach and Colo-rectal.


Understanding Cancer

Normally, cells grow and divide to form new cells and replace old ones. Sometimes, this orderly process goes wrong.Understanding Cancer New cells are formed when them body does not need them, and old cells do not die. These extra cells can form a mass of tissue called a growth or tumour.

 

 

 


Classification

Not all tumours are cancerous; tumours can be benign or malignant.  Classification of Cancer

Benign tumours aren’t cancerous.They can of ten be removed, and they do not spread to other parts of the body. Malignant tumours are cancerous. Cells in these tumours can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body (metastasis)

 

 


Risk Factors

Cancer occurs as a result of the interaction between genetic host factors and external agents. Certain risk factors can increase the chance of occurrence of cancer as mentioned belowCancer Risk Factor

 

  • Growing older
  • “Tobacco”cancer risk Type
  • “Ultraviolet and Ionizing radiation”
  • “Certain chemicals “
  • Infections-Viral(Hepatitis B Virus HB V and liver cancer, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and cervical cancer) Bacterial (Helico bacterpylori and gastric cancer) and Parasites (Schistosomias is and bladder cancer)
  • “Family history of cancer”
  • Alcohol
  • “Poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being over weight”
  • Many of the serious factors can be avoided other than family history to keep cancer at bay.

Warning Signs and Symptoms

Usually, in early stages cancer does not cause pain. Any one with these symptoms mentioned below should see a doctor as early as possible as many of the cancers can be treated efficiently if detected in early stages.

  • A lump in the breast or any other part of the body
  • A new mole or sudden change in an existing mole
  • A sore that does not heal
  • Persistent cough
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Weight Loss, Poor Appetite with no reason
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge

 


Early Detection & Treatment

Cancer burden if detected early can be treated adequately. Early detection programs for cancer:

  • Awareness-education to promote early diagnosis by recognizing early signs of cancer.cancer detection
  • Screening is the identification by means of tests in early cancer or pre-cancerous state. Screening tests are available for breast cancer (Mammography), cervical cancer (Cytology tests-PAP Smear), for prostrate (PSA)

 

 


Tips to reduce Cancer Risk

Concerned about cancer prevention? Take charge by making small changes in your daily life, from eating a healthy diet to scheduling regular cancer screenings which can make a big difference. Consider the sereal-life cancer prevention tips.

  • Awareness-education to promote early diagnosis by recognizing early signs of cancer.stop tobacco
  • Avoid Tobacco – Using any type of tobacco puts you on a collision course with cancer. If you need help quitting tobacco, ask your doctor about stop-smoking products and other strategies for quitting.
  • “Keep Away from Second Hand Smoke – Even if you don’t use tobacco, exposure to second hand smoke may increase your risk of lung cancer.”
  • “Eat a healthy diet – Making healthy selections at the grocery store and at meal time may help reduce yourEat healthy risk. Consider these guidelines”
  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Base your diet on fruits, vegetables and other foods from plant sources” – such as whole grains and beans to help reduce the risk of cancer.
  • “Limit fat – High-fat diets tend to increase the risk of over weight or obesity” which can, in turn, increase cancer risk. Avoid the use of trans-fats, vanaspati & saturated fats.”
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight – In addition keeping control on weight, physical activity mayhealth Weight lower the risk of breast cancer and colon cancer. 30 minutes of physical activity per day for at least 5 days a week should be practised. Try & rediscover a favourite sport or meet a friend for daily brisk walks.
  • If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation.The risk of various types of cancer increases with the amount of alcohol you drink and the length of time you’ve been drinking.
  • Protect your self from the sun – Skin cancer is one of the most common kinds of cancer”and one of the most prevent able.Try these tips: Cover exposed areas. Wear loose fitting clothing that covers as much of your skin. Don’t skimp on sun screen. Use generous amounts of sunscreen when you’re outdoor
  • “Get immunized – Cancer prevention includes protection from certain viral infections like Hepatitis B. Talk Get  immunizedto your doctor about immunization.”
  • Take Early Detection Seriously – Regular self-exams and screening for various types of cancers can increase your chances of discovering cancer early, when treatment is most likely to be successful. Ask your doctor about the best cancer screening schedule for you.
  • Careful Storage of Chemicals – House hold Insecticides and pesticides are carcinogenic (potential to cause cancer). Be very careful and cautious while storing pesticides and insecticides to avoid contact with them.

 

 


Stop Cancer before it Starts.

From more details:

Health Awareness Program,
Jagriti Yoga Institute,
Mumbai.

No Cancer